Which at this stage in life are oral, or mouth orientated, such as sucking, biting, and breastfeeding. Both frustration and overindulgence or any combination of the two may lead to what psychoanalysts call fixation at a particular psychosexual stage. He wants to possess his mother exclusively and get rid of his father to enable him to do so. The girl blames her mother for her 'castrated state,' and this creates great tension. NB Freud used the term 'sexual' in a very general way to mean all pleasurable actions and thoughts. Oral Stage year In the first stage of personality development, the libido is centered in a baby's mouth. The nature of this first conflict with authority can determine the child's future relationship with all forms of authority. According to him, every child is full of energy that needs to be channelized in the right direction. Much of the child's energy is channeled into developing new skills and acquiring new knowledge, and play becomes largely confined to other children of the same gender. According to Freud, children at this stage suppress their sexual energy and direct it towards asexual pursuits, such as, school, athletics, hobbies, social relationships, friendships with same-sex, etc. Oral fixation has two possible outcomes. The anal expulsive, on the other hand, underwent a liberal toilet-training regime during the anal stage. Phallic Stage 3 to 5 or 6 years Sensitivity now becomes concentrated in the genitals and masturbation in both sexes becomes a new source of pleasure.
Freud also believed that all tension was due to the build-up of libido sexual energy and that all pleasure came from its discharge. Freud believed that this type of conflict tends to come to a head in potty training, in which adults impose restrictions on when and where the child can defecate. To explain this Freud suggested the analogy of military troops on the march. Oral Stage This stage occurs from birth to around the age of one year. On the other hand, an overindulged person is known to have an oral aggressive personality, which is characterized by optimism, gullibility, hostility, etc. During the phallic stage what the boy loves most is his penis. His theory of psychosexual development focuses on the effects of sexual pleasure on one's psyche. Oral personalities engage in such oral behaviors, particularly when under stress. He wants to possess his mother exclusively and get rid of his father to enable him to do so. This is one of the most debatable parts about this theory that is still discussed today. Both frustration and overindulgence or any combination of the two may lead to what psychoanalysts call fixation at a particular psychosexual stage. Latency Stage This stage occurs from the age of six till puberty when children express no sexual feelings. NB Freud used the term 'sexual' in a very general way to mean all pleasurable actions and thoughts. One reason for this may be that the needs of the developing individual at any particular stage may not have been adequately met in which case there is frustration. Children with more resolved psychosexual development have greater capacity to develop normal relationships with opposite sex, whereas a fixation at this stage results into the child being frigid and impotent in later life, while also having unsatisfactory interpersonal relationships. According to Freud, boys and girls experience Oedipus complex at this stage and the boys suffer from castration anxiety. Freud stressed that the first five years of life are crucial to the formation of adult personality. For better understanding, take a look at the following chart that would help you understand the stages in a glance. Such a person is said have an oral receptive personality. They can be stubborn and tight-fisted with their cash and possessions. Genital Stage puberty to adult This is the last stage of Freud's psychosexual theory of personality development and begins in puberty. Phallic Stage This stage occurs between four to six years of age when the erogenous zones of the body, i. Early or harsh potty training can lead to the child becoming an anal-retentive personality who hates mess, is obsessively tidy, punctual and respectful of authority. Frustration, Overindulgence, and Fixation Some people do not seem to be able to leave one stage and proceed on to the next. The child becomes aware of anatomical sex differences, which sets in motion the conflict between erotic attraction, resentment, rivalry, jealousy and fear which Freud called the Oedipus complex in boys and the Electra complex in girls. How children explore and experiment their sexuality at this stage defines their adult behavior. Latency Stage 5 or 6 to puberty No further psychosexual development takes place during this stage latent means hidden.
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